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Do You Know There Are Over 200 Types Of Arthritis?

To most people, arthritis is synonymous with joint pain. This has led to most of us terming every joint pain as arthritis.  This is, however, a fallacy. The fact of the matter is that not all types of joint pains signal arthritis and even if it were arthritis; there are way too many types for you to possibly self-diagnose. This condition does not merely refer to plain joint pains but rather to an array of diseases that affect joints and the tissues surrounding them.
Understanding Arthritis
In general terms, arthritis is used to refer to joint inflammation. However, it encompasses more than that. It actually refers to all rheumatic disorders that center around various joints in the body causing pain, swelling and stiffness to the extent of making some people unable to engage in normal daily activities. The chance of getting this disease is increased by factors like age, genetics and sometimes immune system dysfunction.  In the worst of cases, arthritis can link to heart disease. These factors will lead to a wide range of arthritis that runs to over 200 different types.
Now, it may be impossible to go through all these types, but we are going to get a sneak peek view of a few types.
1. Lupus
This is a disease that occurs when the body’s immune system rejects body tissues thus leading to extensive inflammation. Thus, it is a type of arthritis that is brought forth by immune system malfunction when it is unable to recognize body tissues and instead fights them as if they were intruders. A person with lupus will get inflammations on the joints, skin, kidneys, brain and heart. Such a person is likely to experience severe joint pains, fever and a lupus rash.  As is the case with other types of arthritis, lupus has no cure and can only be managed.
2. Shoulder arthritis
One of the joints in the body that are most prone to arthritis is the shoulders. This is probably because they experience most motion. Arthritis affects the tissues, joints and ligaments in the shoulders. These effects culminate in the various types of arthritis that include post-traumatic arthritis and avascular necrosis just to mention a few.
Post-traumatic arthritis happens when you get an injury on your shoulders. After injury, your shoulder may swell and get inflamed leading to pain. This pain may be accompanied by some fluid accumulating in the shoulders. This is what is referred to as post-traumatic arthritis i.e. arthritis that occurs after an injury.
On the other hand, avascular necrosis happens when, for some reason, blood is not able to reach the long bone in your upper arm. When this happens, this bone dies and consequently leads to shoulder arthritis. It can also be caused by excessive use of steroids or injuries that cause dislocations in the shoulder.
3. Rheumatoid arthritis
This is among the most common types of arthritis. Most times it affects the shoulders. When it affects the shoulder, it registers in the form of pain on both shoulders. This can be coupled with stiffness of the shoulders and sometimes, the deformity of shoulders. It can, however, be realized in other body parts through the emergence of small lumps under the skin around body parts that receive immense pressure such as the heels, knuckles and elbows.
4. Osteoarthritis
This is what results when the joints wear out due to overuse. This accounts for its appearance in elderly people. Think about this way: your joints are usually new when you are born. Then you put them into use all through your life. When this happens, they are bound to wear out. This is what leads to osteoarthritis. It can also occur if you are overweight because the excess weight will be placing lots of stress on the joints. The joints mostly affected by this kind include the knees and the hips probably because they are the ones that support most weight. A person with this type will have pains on the joint and will have difficulty in movement.
In the light of the above discussion, it is clear why arthritis is used in synonymous with joint pain. It is because the above conditions have severe joint pains as their symptoms.  This, however, does not mean that these are the only types of arthritis. To the contrary, there are over two hundred types only that our word count here does not allow us to delve into all of them. The above mentioned are the most common and through them we can be able to see an overview of the other types. Through this scrutiny, you should also deduce that arthritis is no longer a disease for the elderly. Factors like obesity and accidents, which are no respecters of age, can also lead to arthritis.

Five Ways To Train Your Brain To Learn Faster

When you engage in regular brain exercise, you will stay sharp, because the less we use our brains, the duller they will become.  Physical exercise is important, no doubt, but mental wellness is just as vital.  The brain continues to adapt to stimuli that are received throughout our lives, and the more we care for our brains, the better thinkers we shall become.
When you train your brain to learn faster, you will have better total recall, and will avoid embarrassing situations, such as struggling to remember someone’s name.  In addition, it is proven that fast learners will move up the corporate ladder much quicker.  Also, having a healthy and active brain can help fight off diseases.  Below are five ways to train your brain, to learn faster and remember more information.
1. Repetition.  
This is one of the easiest and most effective brain exercises that can be done.  For instance, when you first meet someone; they may say, “Hi, my name is Robert.”  Instead of replying with a simple “nice to meet you,” it is recommended that you repeat their name “nice to meet you Robert.”  This simple adjustment could make a huge difference in your memory capabilities.
2. Learn something new.  
It is easy to stick to a boring routine, because it is safe and familiar.  The problem is that you are not giving your brain the much-needed stimulation it needs and desires.  The fact is that the more you use your brain, the better it will perform.  Take for example, learning a musical instrument.  This new skill will improve your ability to translate something you see (sheet music), into something you actually do (playing the instrument).   By learning a new language, you are expanding your thinking patterns and learning a new way to express yourself.  In addition, it has been proven that senior citizens, who learned how to dance later in life, have been able to side-step Alzheimer’s disease.    Researchers, at the McGill University, in Montreal, studied 30 women and men.  They were instructed to participate in tango classes, and their cognitive functions were tested on a regular basis.  After 10 weeks of dance lessons, they not only learned something new, but they scored higher on memory-related tests, and multi-tasking became easier.  Remember, anytime you learn something new, your brain becomes better at learning everything.
3. Formulate and maintain meaning relationships.
Engaging in each other’s lives will boost mood, keep you from becoming lonely and depressed, and will also help you think more clearly.  In addition to having several healthy relationships, it is recommended that you have a positive attitude.  It has been studied, at the University of Pennsylvania, that when positive motivation is high, test scores were better.  Studies conducted at Stanford and Columbia confirmed these findings.  Positive thinking and self-confidence resulted in higher test scores and better overall performance.  These clinical studies were conducted over a two-year period.
4. Kick the habit.  
Smoking has been researched and studied for generations, but researchers, at the University of Michigan, have tested the IQs of more than 172 adult males (some smoked on a regular basis and others didn’t smoke at all).  The conclusion was that the smokers had lower IQ.  It was documented that after years of tobacco abuse, mental performance dulled, and the speed and the accuracy of the overall thought process were dimmed.  This study was confirmed by the University of Tel Aviv, when they conducted their own IQ research involving 20,000 young men, between the ages of 18 and 21.  It was reported that young men, who smoked, at least, a pack of cigarettes a day, scored an average of 90 on the IQ tests.  Non-smoking young men scored an average of 101.
5. Sleep.  
“Pulling an all-nighter,” during college finals, could be more detrimental than effective.  Of course, you seem fresher, brighter and clearer after a good night’s sleep, because the brain needs proper rest to function properly.  German researchers, at the University of Luebeck, studied men and women, between the ages of 18 and 32.  The participants were given complex math problems to solve.  The results concluded that the individuals that were well-rested were three times more likely to figure out the correct answers.  In addition to this study, researchers, from the University of Notre Dame, concluded that individuals who received enough sleep on a regular basis were able to remember better, and process data more effectively than their peers, that were denied quality sleep.
Final Word
Alcohol is a depressant and has been proven to slow down mental ability.  It has been well- documented that there are negative cognitive effects associated with alcohol abuse.  To achieve and maintain peak mental performance, stay away from alcohol.  Alcohol use also disrupts healthy sleep patterns, and as mentioned above, a lack of sleep has a direct impact on the positive ability to train your brain to learn faster and remember better.

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