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Are You Having Eyesight Problems?

Written: 11/06/2007


From the past three days I've been suffering from headaches especially after a few hours during my courses. It increases by the end of the day and all the ways to get rid of this headache did not work. Only some sleep could appease it and that for a few hours only. Today I woke up late and I managed to get a place in the back benches. And the problem was solved. I was having near eyesight problems. My glasses were not sufficient to correct sight defect. That was what my ophthalmologist told me today.

Eyesight or any other sight problems should not be taken lightly as complications may lead to total irreversible blindness. The most common symptom that must sound the alarm if you are suffering from eyes or vision problems is blurred visions often accompanied by headaches and a pain in the eye. Here a few eyesight problems which may help you if ever you get one and how to treat them:

  • Myopia or nearsightedness
    It is a vision condition in which near objects are seen clearly, but distant objects do not come into proper focus. Nearsightedness occurs if your eyeball is too long or the cornea has too much curvature, so the light entering your eye is not focused correctly.
    Treatment: Wearing of glasses or contact lens.


  • Hyperopia or farsightedness
    It is a vision condition in which distant objects are usually seen clearly, but close ones appear blurred. Farsightedness occurs if your eyeball is too short or the cornea has too little curvature, so light entering your eye is not focused correctly.
    Treatment: Wearing of glasses or contact lens.


  • Presbyopia
    This condition concerns mostly aged persons. The lens of the eye loses its ability to focus as it loses its elasticity. The condition is associated with aging and is progressive, that is, it tends to get worse.
    Treatment: Wearing of glasses or contact lens but they need to be changed regularly.


  • Glaucoma
    It is a condition when the liquid present in the eyes is not drained properly. This may results due to clogged or inefficient drainage of the fluid in the eyes. The excess pressure presses again the retina (captures light entering the eyes) and the optic nerves (transmits images captured by the retina to the brain). Untreated glaucoma leads to blindness. In glaucoma there is a terrible pain of the eyes which is experienced too. It is as if your eyes want to explode. This condition may occur gradually or suddenly. People suffering from diabetes are at higher risks of suffering from this disease.
    Treatment: Achieved by medications or surgery depending on severeness and stage of the disease.


  • Cataracts
    This is a condition where the proteins with transparency capability, degenerate and become opaque. At night, cataract sufferers find their vision diminished quite drastically. Foods rich in antioxidants are said to reduce cataracts. Cataracts are a leading cause of visual impairment among aging Americans.
    Treatment: Cataract extractions are the most common surgical procedure performed in the world.

Who to visit when we are having problems with the sight or the eye?

Opticians dispense eyeglasses, contact lenses, low-vision aids, other optical devices, and eyewear accessories..

Optometrists administer eye examinations, gives advice on visual problems and prescribes and fits glasses or contact lenses. In some states they prescribe eye drops to treat diseases.

Ophthalmologists are doctors specialized in the medical and surgical care of the eyes and visual system and in the prevention of eye disease and injury.


Note: It can be a good thing to ask your ophthalmologist to perform tests to determine if you suffer from colorblindness. This condition is the inability to see all colors or differentiate between different colors. The most common is the incapability to distinguish between red and green. Color blindness is a genetic problem and a treatment is yet to be found. For people who see only in black and white, there are very specialized light device, but they are very expensive. Color blindness is more frequent in men than women.. Doctors usually perform a more specialized test but you can use this Colour Vision Test to check if you have this problem or not.

Sight is very important for us in our daily life for everything. The only moment we don't use it is when we sleep. Never hesitate to check up your eyes one every one or two years even if you are not feeling any pain or unusual visions.

- Harry


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